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Benefits of Genetic Testing The body is quite complicated. It is made up billions of cells which contain the basic unit of our identity known as deoxyribonucleic acid or more commonly known as DNA. DNA consists of genes that determine the unique qualities found in every person. The genes also play an important role in the health of the people. Genetic research therefore plays an important role in the medical field. The genetic evaluations are performed on the blood or tissue samples of the subject. Genetic tests have become vital in the modern world for a number of reasons. Some of them are discussed below. One of the common applications of DNA testing is if conducting paternity tests. For one reason or the other one may not be sure about the identity of their parents or whether a child is theirs. The DNA structure of parents usually has some similarities with that of their kids. This is why some kids resemble their parents’ characteristics. Conducting a DNA test on the child and the parent can help confirm whether the child is their parent’s son or daughter. As a result of genetic testing many people have been able to find their long lost relatives. Data from DNA tests can also be used in legal battles like child support cases. Another benefit of DNA testing is that it can help discover ailments which a person may be suffering from or at risk of suffering from. Many conditions and disorders have their origins in our genes. Some disorders are also passed down to children through genes from their parents. A change in a person’s genes may also cause development of a disease. Genetic testing helps detect such anomalies within the persons genetics which helps detect, treat and prevent certain diseases.
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Physicians also use genetic testing when conducting tests on newborn and unborn babies. There is a lot of controversy surrounding prenatal genetic testing but most doctors can agree it can go a long way in detecting diseases an infant is likely to be affected by. This helps start treatment immediately the baby is born. Newborn screening also helps doctors identify health problems that are likely to be influenced by genetics and also assess the risk of a particular illness in the child.
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DNA testing has also been used in the legal world when collecting and presenting evidence in court. DNA tests are conducted on evidence like blood and hair strands found in crime scenes to determine the person who was involved. This has helped solve a lot of crimes by proving a suspect was at the crime scene. In addition, genetic tests have helped free people who may have been wrongfully convicted.

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